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Musée du Compagnonnage
Musée du Compagnonnage
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...History of the Museum The Musée du Compagnonnage opened its doors to the public on Easter Day 1968. We owe its existence to the perseverance of...
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...Comparisons A trade guild is not simply a professional training association, a mutual aid society or a union. It is not a religion, sect or secret...
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...Genealogy Guild-member memoirs Lack of information about a guild-member ancestor—his life during his Tour de France, the circumstances in which he joined his guild, his masterpiece, his...
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...The “Tour de France” Travel is a primary feature of guild membership. Young workers are required to journey to the various cities where the above-mentioned centres...
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...Genealogy Guild artefacts Objects are another point to be considered. On the day of his initiation, a guild member was given one or more silk ribbons, known...
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...Genealogy Which archives? Having taken care to avoid the various traps mentioned above, you can confirm that an ancestor was in fact a “Companion” of the Tour...
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...Mentions légales Musée du Compagnonnage 8 rue Nationale37000 ToursTél. : 02 47 21 62 20Fax : 02 47 21 68 90 museecompagnonnage@ville-tours.fr Mairie de Tours 1 à 3...
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...An initiatory society As defined by ethnologists, an “initiatory society” is one which integrates its members by stages, each stage marked by a particular type of...
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...20th century The 20th century saw major reorganisation of the guild system. Up until 1914, guild members attempt to curb the fall in their numbers by...
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...Genealogy The Tour de France Once they had become guild members, these young men could set off on their travels— their Tour de France—aided by a network...
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...19th century In the 19th century, the guild system was faced with the rise of the industry, a drop in numbers of members, and strove to...
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...Aid and brotherhood The word “companion” derives etymologically from two Latin words: “cum” (with) and “panis” (bread). A companion is someone with whom one shares bread;...
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...Genealogy Livres Voici d’abord quelques livres qui constitueront pour vous une introduction au Compagnonnage avant d’entreprendre vos recherches. Laurent BASTARD : Guide du Musée du Compagnonnage de Tours64 pages...
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...The masterpiece To become a Compagnon one has to earn the title along with the recognition of one's peers. This presupposes demonstrable competence within a particular...
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...Rites and symbols From the dawn of time, all societies have had their rites and symbols. They are inseparable from civilisation: funeral rites, religious rites, military...
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...Professional improvement One of the goals of the guilds has always been to ensure that young workers have access to professional advancement at the end of...
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...18th century In the 18th century, the guild system extended to cover other trades and found itself in conflict with masters of corporations. Guilds are located...
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...17th century The 17th century saw divisions spring up between societies, which started experiencing difficulties with the Church.There are increasing numbers of documents bearing on guilds...
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...Genealogy Changing activities in the course of a lifetime The title of “Companion” was acquired early on in life, between the ages of 18 and 30. A...
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...Earliest traces The earliest traces of Compagnonnage date back to the Middle Ages. It is only through documents still extant that we know of the existence...
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...Genealogy Tolerated associations It should also be added – and this is an important point with regard to their origins – that guilds were constantly forbidden under...
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...Genealogy Freemasons It is also possible to make the mistake of confusing “Companions” of the Tour de France and Freemasons. The guilds and Freemasonry are, however, two...
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...Genealogy Images of guild members One quite frequently comes upon designs made by “Companion” carpenters, joiners and stonecutters after the 1840s, following their completion of the Tour...
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...Origins of trade guilds Several exist, but not all of them are applicable to the whole body of trades concerned. As regards stonecutters, it seems possible...
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...Genealogy Not all craftsmen were “Companions” Let us begin with a few practical cases which will help avoid the frustrations of useless research. You find out that...
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...Genealogy Not all Journeys were a guild member’s Tour de France The situation becomes yet more complicated when it is discovered that a “companion” travelled and apparently...
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...About the tradesmen The wood, stone, metallurgy, leather and textiles, foodstuffs. The number of trades and professions incorporated into guilds has varied over the centuries. Until the...
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...Genealogy While drawing up your genealogical tree, you have discovered that one or more of your ancestors practised a trade and was referred to as a...
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...Genealogy Associations of men of various trades What does the term Compagnonnage actually mean? It refers to an ensemble of associations – “societies”, as their members called...
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...Liens utiles Vous voulez en savoir plus sur la Ville de Tours et sa vie culturelle ? Sur les compagnons du tour de France ? Sur...
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...The wooden house All about the framework Objectives : The workshop helps children understand how the houses they live in are constructed. This essential step in the...
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...Moral improvement Ensuring professional improvement of its members is not the only goal of the guilds; it also seeks to educate them. In the past, the...
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...Genealogy Companions without the Tour de France It should further be remembered that, even though the Tour de France is so closely associated with the guilds, quite...
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...Her Majesty Tours Rally in the medieval heart of Tours Objectives : The rally is designed to get children to do fieldwork in discovery of Tours’ architectural...
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...The light of history A look at stained-glass windows Objectives : The activity introduces children to the work of master glass-artists through practising the technique of painting...
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...The music made by tools A look at sound Objectives : Sounds generate feelings that stimulate children’s imaginations. Here, the emotions stirred up by listening to unaccustomed...
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...A group of associations The word “Guild” in fact connotes a number of associations and movements. Referring to the total body of regulations and traditions of...
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...Welcome to the Musée du Compagnonnage The museum opened to the public in 1968 in the former dormitory of the monks of the Benedectine Abbey of...
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...Genealogy Private Archives Existing archives are kept at the seats of currently active societies, either at local or national level. They are of three types: those which...
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...Genealogy The guild press A rather late entry as a source of information, however, may prove helpful in the search – the guild press mentioned earlier. Although...
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...Genealogy Purpose and structure The aim of these societies was to ensure the moral and professional education of young men after their apprenticeships, in an atmosphere of...
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...Genealogy Corporations Another wrong track taken by many novice genealogists is the confusion of the term “guild” with that of “corporation”. The latter term was used until...
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...Genealogy Corporation Masters and Companions “Yes,” you may say, “but I’ve found such-and-such a notarised document in such-and-such a parish register certifying that my ancestor was a...
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...Genealogy Which association did the “companion” belong to? Documents and artefacts found among family possessions are not always easy to analyse. While a cane discovered without its...
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...16th century The first Companions’ associations of which we have certain proof made their appearance in the 16th century. From 1514 up until the 1580s, Companion...
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...What to whom ? Looking at symbols Objectives : An introduction to the Companions’ know-how – association of tactile and visual aids helps children retain the basic...
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...Genealogy Websites Sound information on the guild system and on research methods bearing upon ancestors who were Companions, supplied by Nathalie Hames. www.genhames.free.fr Jean-Michel Mathonière’s website contains a...
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...Genealogy Public Archives Since guild societies had no legal existence, the few archives relating to them are private. Contrary to popular belief, however, the oral tradition was...
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...Male and mixed societies Throughout most of their history, the guilds consisted only of trades performed by men. The physical strength required (in such trades as...
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...Genealogy Lists of guild members’ names? Although lists of guild members’ names are not easily found, a number of recent studies have been done of available archives....
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... .$page-langue_id;...
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...All in leather Objectives : Discovery of leatherworking, from the tannery to the finished articles produced by shoemakers, fine leatherworkers and saddlers. Through handling leather itself,...
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...Genealogy Other types of workers’ associations Finally, it should be noted that other types of workers’ associations existed, especially in the 19th century, alongside or in competition...
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...In the 18th century, the guild system extended to cover other trades and found itself in conflict with masters of corporations. Guilds are located...
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...Several exist, but not all of them are applicable to the whole body of trades concerned. As regards stonecutters, it seems possible that their organisation...
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...About www.bm-tours.fr. If you already know the name of the author or title of the book you are interested in, carry out a search on the...
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...Travel is a primary feature of guild membership. Young workers are required to journey to the various cities where the above-mentioned centres are located; once...
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...Unless time is an issue, group visits are preceded by a 20-minute presentation (in French) of the guild system. Admission: 4 € Free of charge for...
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...From the dawn of time, all societies have had their rites and symbols. They are inseparable from civilisation: funeral rites, religious rites, military rites, marriage...
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...The Masterly Hand “Glory be to Work and Scorn upon Idleness – Work and Honour, this is our wealth”. So read the maxim inscribed on Companion...
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...The 20th century saw major reorganisation of the guild system. Up until 1914, guild members attempt to curb the fall in their numbers by setting...
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...The 17th century saw divisions spring up between societies, which started experiencing difficulties with the Church. There are increasing numbers of documents bearing on...
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...In the 19th century, the guild system was faced with the rise of industry and a drop in numbers of members, and strove to become...
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...The word “Guild” in fact connotes a number of associations and movements. Referring to the total body of regulations and traditions of which it is...
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...Compagnons of wood trades include carpenters, joiners, cabinet makers, wheelwrights, cooper-stavers, clog makers, woodturners and basket makers. The variety of wood and its multiple uses ...
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...Schoolchildren Educational workshops are open to children from nursery and elementary schools, and also to lower secondary school pupils. The workshops help them to discover the...
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...From 16 September to 15 June : Everyday except on Tuesdays, from 9 a.m. to 12:30 p.m. and from 2 p.m. to 6 p.m....
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...The word “companion” derives etymologically from two Latin words: “cum” (with) and “panis” (bread). A companion is someone with whom one shares bread; it is...
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...This sector of activity includes different compagnonnages of trades that industry and mechanization have partly dismantled, including those of the ropers, the weavers, the hatters,...
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...Compagnons stone cutters have maintained a reputation for excellence thanks to their knowledge in draughtsmanship and to their prestigious constructions. Stonemasons joined them with the...
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...The earliest traces of Compagnonnage date back to the Middle Ages. It is only through documents still extant that we know of the existence of...
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...The Musée du Compagnonnage opened its doors to the public on Easter Day 1968. We owe its existence to the perseverance of Roger Lecotté (1899-1991),...
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...As defined by ethnologists, an “initiatory society” is one which integrates its members by stages, each stage marked by a particular type of test. It...
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...Admission: 5 € 80 Reduced 4 € Children over 12 years old, secondary school pupils, and students People over 65 Teachers Loyalty 15.00 €...
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...Pressroom Toutes les informations essentielles sur le musée et ses activités sont dans le dossier de presse. Sommaire Le musée de la "belle ouvrage" Comment visiter le musée du...
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...Ensuring professional improvement of its members is not the only goal of the guilds; it also seeks to educate them. In the past, the “Règles”...
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...One of the goals of the guilds has always been to ensure that young workers have access to professional advancement at the end of their...
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...The first Companions’ associations of which we have certain proof made their appearance in the 16th century. From 1514 up until the 1580s, Companion Printers...
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...History of the trade guildes The limits of this website make it impossible to relate the long history of the trade guilds in any great detail....
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...Throughout most of their history, the guilds consisted only of trades performed by men. The physical strength required (in such trades as construction work, tanning,...
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...Catering professions are represented since the 19th century with the compagnons bakers (1811). Cooks joined them later (1900), pastry cooks, confectioners and pork butchers. Only...
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...Contact us You can contact the Musée du Compagnonnage by completing this form to prepare your visit, ask us about an item on exhibition, propose a...
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...Children under 12 years old – Fine Arts School students – Students holding PCEs – Tourist guides – Group accompaniers – Job seekers – Apprentices,...
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...Compagnonnages associated with metal include blacksmiths, mechanics, locksmiths, metalworkers, farriers, panel beaters, boilermakers, plumbers and zinc workers. The variety of metals and alloys (iron, steel,...
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...To become a Compagnon one has to earn the title along with the recognition of one’s peers. This presupposes demonstrable competence within a particular trade....
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...A Companion was a man who "shared his bread". The festive banquets held and rituals performed confirm the origin of the word. A picturesque stroll...
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...Library Large numbers of books have been written about the guild system since the 19th century, including Companions’ memoirs, anthologies of songs, and ethnological and historical...
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...Opening hours and admission fees It is a museum unlike any other in the world, created in honour of fine workmanship.The museum is an evocation of...
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...A trade guild is not simply a professional training association, a mutual aid society or a union. It is not a religion, sect or secret...
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...Group reservations The museum is an evocation of the legends, history, traditions, trades and masterpieces of the Companions of the Tour of France. It is a...
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...Pliers are used to pick up and hold an object in order to carry it or work on it. Every trade has its own variety,...
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...By Marie-Bélisandre VAULET. The painter and master glass-artist Pierre Petit would have celebrated his hundredth birthday this year. Born on 20 March 1910 in Sainte-Radegonde,...
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...This new “lecture”, sung to the sound of a barrel organ, will be highlighting the fact that the world of work has inspired multitudes of...
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...A guild, Masonic and corporative funerary heritage exists, although it remains little known and is often threatened by burial plot recovery procedures. Pierre Graindorge has...
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...A guild, Masonic and corporative funerary heritage exists, although it remains little known and is often threatened by burial plot recovery procedures. Pierre Graindorge has...
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...Frédéric Morin and the Association Sportive de Canne d’Arme come back to present the technique of this highly codified sport, which was a favourite among...
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...Sometimes admired but too often forgotten or reviled, women at work have always made fine subjects for poets and songsters. Walk, readings and songs with...
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...Closed 14 July. Compasses are instruments much used in a range of professions, from architects to house carpenters, not forgetting shoemakers, foresters and locksmiths,…...
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...The animal world, whether wild or domestic, acted as a major source of raw materials up until the early 20th century. Apart from meat to...
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...« Tourangeau la malice » provides children with an amusing explanation of the guild system’s history and trades, with 14 little doors hidden away around...
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...By Jean PHILIPPON and Serge ETIENNE. Each guild association has its own “coat of arms”, often made up of a pair of compasses and a...
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...Since Antiquity, the building of edifices has been accompanied by rituals and legends: the ingenious architect seeks help from the devil before hoaxing him…...
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...On the occasion of the Heritage Days, the visual artist Blaise Raymond presents his highly original ceramic creations on the theme of “Anvils…...
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...Tools are a part of the compagnon’s environment. The museum associates them to other objects which evoke every society of trades or every theme....
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...A variety of unlikely items are introduced into the display cases. It’s up to you to track them down!During the Christmas holidays...
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...Families The Musée du Compagnonnage ensures that children visiting with their parents get to learn something new while having fun....
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...Up until midnight, nocturnal exploration of the museum collections, with commentary from Philippe Ouzounian…...
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...A discovery game teaching children to observe the details of masterpieces on exhibition....
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...A discovery game, teaching children to observes details of masterpieces on exhibition....
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...What did the companions pride themselves on? Eating well and drinking deep...
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...Nursery and primary: free of charge Secondary school: 2.20 €...
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...The wood, stone, metallurgy, leather and textiles, foodstuffs....
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...He’s amnesiac, and needs help in finding his trade once more....
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...From untreated skin to fine leatherwork Discovery Read more...
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...Rally in the medieval heart of ToursLearning Read more...
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...From town to town with the Companions’ “Mother”....
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...A look at stained-glass windowsDiscovering Read more...
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...Pliers and pincers through traditions and trades...
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...Workmen and companions as seen by Flora Tristan...
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...The final resting places of Tours companions...
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...All about the framework Discovery Read more...
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...History of the Musée du Compagnonnage...
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...Legends of masons and stone dressers...
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...Theme-based visitDiscover Read more...
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...The guilds and their coats of arms...
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...The art of the stick and the staff...
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...The ups and downs of working life...
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...For groups of more than 10 people...
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...Looking at symbolsAn Read more...
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...On the trail of the Companions...
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...On the trail of the Companions...
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...What does the library contain?...
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...The industrial use of animals...
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...From quarry to construction...
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...Pierre Petit and his work...
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...Professional improvement...
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...The “Tour de France”...
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...Male and mixed societies...
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...An eye on the compasses...
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...Origins of trade guilds...
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...A group of associations...
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...The music made by tools...
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...European Heritage Days...
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...Listening  Read more...
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...An initiatory society...
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...The Wayward Companion...
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...Night of the Museums...
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...Leather and textiles...
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...Find the odd one out...
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...The light of history...
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...About the tradesmen...
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...Tools of the trades...
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...Aid and brotherhood...
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...The Tour of France...
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...Moral improvement...
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...Rites and symbols...
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...Her Majesty Tours...
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...The wooden house...
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...Earliest traces...
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...The masterpiece...
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...Free of charge...
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...Schoolchildren...
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...Kids’ Museum...
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...All in leather...
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...Women at work...
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...Opening hours...
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...What to whom?...
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...16th century...
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...17th century...
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...18th century...
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...19th century...
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...Comparisons...
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...Individuals...
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...Stone...
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...Metal...
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...Wood...
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Flowing staircase
(1825)

Musée du Compagnonnage

8 rue Nationale
37000 Tours
Tel: 02 47 21 62 20

Escalier à dessous coulissant (1825) Map
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